Ballistic Testing

Chesapeake Testing is an industry leader in ballistic and armor protection systems testing. A NVLAP and A2LA ISO/IEC 17025:2005 accredited laboratory, Chesapeake Testing is approved by the National Institute of Justice to perform personal body armor testing to NIJ Standard-0101.06 and NIJ Standard-0115.00 Stab Resistance of personal body armor. Chesapeake Testing is also approved by the U.S. Army Aberdeen Test Center to perform helmet and hard & soft armor testing. Headquartered in a state-of-the-art facility, Chesapeake Testing has climate controlled, indoor firing ranges, a forced entry/ballistic range, a mechanical testing lab, environmental conditioning lab, x-ray/computed tomography scanning lab, non-destructive testing lab and an outdoor range for small and large caliber munitions & blast testing.

Chesapeake Testing maintains one of the most extensive collections of test barrels, which allows for the testing of a variety of small arms munitions from 2-grain fragments up to and including 30-mm. Additionally Chesapeake Testing maintains a specialty Mann gun system and a specialty 3-barrel .50 caliber gun system. Data collection is performed using a battery of electronic and computerized equipment. An on-site environmental conditioning laboratory provides in-house conditioning of test materials so that the majority of government and commercial test standard requirements can be conducted by Chesapeake Testing's professional staff. Chesapeake Testing also has a non-destructive testing division that allows for pre and post test analysis of materials using cutting-edge technology such as a 3-D Computed Tomography (CT Scanning / X-ray) system. A fully equipped on-site machine shop, supported by experienced CAD design engineers, is available to assist with the customization or fabrication of test fixtures and to support range operations.

All of Chesapeake Testing's capabilities combine with some of the most highly experienced engineers and technicians in the industry to deliver an unprecedented level of quality and service to customers.

Bullet Trajectory and Rifling Inside Composite Material
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    In-Door Ballistic Ranges

    Chesapeake Testing has eight indoor ballistic ranges. Seven of the ranges measure 15' x 70' in accordance with NIJ standards. The eighth range measuring 18' x 102' is designed to accommodate large caliber, 30-mm and specialty weapon system testing and has drive-in capability for vehicle testing and large component/sub systems. Each range has an independent HVAC system with an advanced HEPA filtration system that exceeds EPA and OSHA standards for air quality.

    Each range has its own loading/firing room and data collection/management area. Here is where Chesapeake Testing technicians and customers can safely watch and evaluate each shot in work space connected to each range. The customer rooms are equipped with the most up-to date electronic technology including Wi-Fi so that customers can bring their office with them as testing is conducted. Ranges are also equipped with video cameras that transmit range activities to viewing screens in the firing room. With the investment in safety, customers are encouraged to be present in the firing room to observe their testing.

    Chesapeake Testing's Indoor Ballstic Range
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    Measuring Equipment

    Chesapeake Testing has the most advanced equipment and instrumentation available. These include:

    • FARO laser scanners and point probes
    • Doppler Radar System for continuous velocity measurements
    • High speed cameras (color & monochrome)
      • 1ms exposure, up to 100,000 frames per second
      • 2D & 3D video analysis (velocity tracking)
    • Highly accurate and calibrated velocity measurement equipment
      • Optical screens
      • Magnetic screens (for small fragments)
      • Paper break screens for special requirements
    • Ballistic Clay and Gel testing (US Army, FBI, DEA, DHS)
    Ballistic Measuring Equipment
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    Chesapeake Testing has the ability to fire a wide range of projectiles. Unless factory loaded rounds are requested all rounds are hand-loaded to ensure precision and accuracy. Projectiles used at Chesapeake Testing include:

    • Ball and armor piercing projectiles
    • Ball and armor piercing incendiary projectiles
    • Fragment Simulator Projectiles
      • .22-cal
      • .30-cal
      • .50-cal
      • 20-mm
    • Right Circular Cylinders
      • 2-gr through 64-gr
    • Light gas gun operations for fragmentation low velocity tests (<1,300 ft/sec)
    Ballistic Projectiles
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    Test Barrels

    Chesapeake Testing has one of the most extensive collections of certified test barrels. Each barrel is visually inspected pre and post testing. Quality assurance records are kept on all barrels that track all rounds that have been fired, projectile velocities, type of propellant and the environmental firing conditions. The list of barrels includes:

    • 7.62x25 mm
    • 7.62x39 mm
    • 7.62x45 mm
    • 7.62x51 mm
    • 7.62x54 mm
    • .22 cal
    • 9-mm
    • .223
    • 5.56x45 mm
    • 30-06
    • .300 Weatherby
    • .308
    • .357 Mag
    • .357 Sig
    • .40 S&W
    • .44 Mag
    • 5.45x39mm
    • 5.7x28
    • 14.5mm
    • .50 cal
    • 20 mm
    • 25 mm
    • 30 mm
    • 12 Gauge Shotgun
    Ballistic Test Barrel
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    Forced Entry

    Forced entry testing is conducted on building envelope and system components such as doors, windows, wall panels and escape hatches as an attempt to penetrate or distort an edge in order to disengage a fitting or device from its mountings and allow access. The US Department of State has developed a standard that all building envelope and system components used in both domestic security and overseas facilities are required to achieve. Chesapeake Testing conducts all forced entry test in their DOS approved facility in accordance to the SD-STD-01.01 standard. All testing is witnessed by DOS personnel with Chesapeake Testing providing reports on all tests performed.

    • Testing in accordance with various test methods and standards including:
      • Department of State (DOS) SD-STD-01.01G (DOS-approved to perform this testing)
      • ASTM (F1233, F1915, F3038, etc.)
      • HPW-TP-0500.03
      • Customized testing plans available upon request
    • Large modular fixture can accommodate full-scale building envelope and structural products including:
      • Windows and window coverings
      • Doors (regular hinged and rolling doors)
      • Safe-rooms & protective enclosures
      • On-site machine shop for efficient design and fabrication to accommodate all product types
      • Ballistic and physical attack testing conducted in the same facility to enhance testing accuracy and realism

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    Federal Railroad Administration Testing

    • Testing for railway glass IAW FRA CFR 49, Part 223
      • Required Testing for all locomotives, passenger cars, and cabooses operating in the United States
      • Type 1 & 2 Testing available
        • 3 samples for Ballistic Resistance Testing
          • .22 LR, 40-grain LRN projectiles with minimum velocity of 960-ft/s

  • Blast Testing

    • IED & EFP testing
    • Reactive armor & Arena testing
    • Bare charge & fragment testing
      • Air & Ground vehicle
      • Component, sub-system, full-up
    • VPAM, AEP-55, STANAG
    • Structural blast
    • Blast containment
    • Personal Protective Equipment
    • Helmets, face-shields, vests
    • RPG (Static & Dynamic)